Long COVID is a term used to describe the lingering effects of COVID-19 that can last for weeks or even months after the initial infection. It is estimated that up to 10% of people who have had COVID-19 may experience long-term symptoms. These symptoms can range from mild to severe and can affect multiple body systems. In this article, we will discuss 63 signs that you may have long COVID. We will also discuss the potential causes and treatments for long COVID. By understanding the signs and symptoms of long COVID, you can take steps to manage your symptoms and improve your overall health.
63 Signs You May Have Long COVID
Long COVID is a term used to describe the lingering effects of COVID-19, which can last for weeks or even months after the initial infection. While the symptoms of Long COVID can vary from person to person, there are some common signs that may indicate you have the condition. Here are 63 signs you may have Long COVID.
- Persistent cough
- Shortness of breath
- Muscle aches and pains
- Loss of taste or smell
- Chest pain
- Joint pain
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Sinus pressure
- Brain fog
- Memory loss
- Difficulty concentrating
- Heart palpitations
- Racing heart
- Shortness of breath with exertion
- Skin rash
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Swollen glands
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Weight gain
- Night sweats
- Hot flashes
- Hair loss
- Nail changes
- Eye pain
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Ear pain
- Ringing in the ears
- Tingling in the extremities
- Weakness in the extremities
- Loss of coordination
- Loss of balance
- Mood swings
- Impaired judgment
- Impaired speech
- Impaired hearing
- Impaired vision
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention. Your doctor can help you determine if you have Long COVID and provide you with the appropriate treatment.
A number of months into the COVID-19 pandemic, well being specialists seen that some individuals who battled the virus—gentle, reasonable, and extreme infections included—weren’t recovering from it. Actually, they reported lingering signs that elevated in severity after their preliminary an infection had cleared. For lengthy haulers, “it’s actually clear that for round 10% of sufferers, signs can final lengthy after the acute sickness,” F. Perry Wilson, a Yale Medication doctor and medical researcher and affiliate professor of medication on the Yale Faculty of Medication, explains to Eat This, Not That! Well being. “Many individuals have described the signs as coming and going, usually triggered by issues like train or stress.” Now, a brand new examine revealed on MedRX sheds gentle onto Lengthy COVID and the signs that it could possibly embrace. The researchers surveyed 3,762 individuals from 56 international locations, pinpointing probably the most generally reported indicators of the extended sickness. Listed below are the most typical signs, ranked from much less widespread to the most typical. Learn on—and to make sure your well being and the well being of others, do not miss these Positive Indicators You have Already Had Coronavirus.
Some lengthy haulers report new or sudden anaphylaxis reactions after an an infection. The Mayo Clinic explains these are “extreme, probably life-threatening” allergic reactions that may happen inside seconds or minutes of publicity to an allergen. “Signs embrace a pores and skin rash, nausea, vomiting, problem respiratory, and shock.” If not handled promptly, normally with epinephrine, they may end up in unconsciousness or dying.
Equally, some individuals report new allergic reactions after COVID, particularly these related to scent. In keeping with one report from VeryWell Well being, “COVID-19 can concoct new allergic reactions in sufferers” to many substances–a signature fragrance, soothing vacation candle, and even their very own automotive. These allergic reactions may end up in “extreme respiratory misery” with signs together with shortness of breath, wheezing, complications, and sore throats.
Bulging veins are one other symptom that lengthy haulers have reported, which is probably going because of the blood clotting tendencies of the virus. “COVID-19 could make blood cells extra prone to clump up and kind clots,” the Mayo Clinic explains.
COVID lengthy haulers report a number of heart-related signs. Certainly one of them is bradycardia. Per the Mayo Clinic, bradycardia is outlined as a “slower-than-expected coronary heart price, typically beating fewer than 60 beats per minute.”
There are a lot of long run dermatological manifestations of COVID, and one is dermatographia. In keeping with the Mayo Clinic, the situation is often known as pores and skin writing. “When individuals who have dermatographia evenly scratch their pores and skin, the scratches redden right into a raised weal much like hives,” they clarify. “These marks normally disappear inside half-hour.”
Different pores and skin points related to lengthy hauler signs embrace peeling pores and skin. “The pores and skin is probably a visual window into irritation that might be happening within the physique,” wrote Esther E. Freeman, MD, Ph.D., director of International Well being Dermatology at Massachusetts Common Hospital, senior creator of a examine surrounding the pores and skin manifestations skilled by 1,000 lengthy COVID sufferers.
Gastrointestinal points are widespread with lengthy haulers, Dr. Wilson maintains. Certainly one of them is constipation. In fact, “when you have uncomfortable signs of constipation, step one is guarantee you might be ingesting sufficient fluids, and to extend your fiber consumption. The fiber content material of your weight loss plan by including cereal grains, vegetables and fruit, or day by day doses of a fiber complement (for instance, Metamucil or Citrucel),” advises Harvard Well being.
In keeping with the Mayo Clinic, tinnitus is outlined as “ringing or buzzing noise in a single or each ears which may be fixed or come and go, usually related to listening to loss.” One examine discovered that 40% of those that had COVID-19 signs skilled a worsening of their current tinnitus, linking it to lengthy COVID. “The findings of this examine spotlight the complexities related to experiencing tinnitus and the way each inside elements, resembling elevated anxiousness and emotions of loneliness, and exterior elements, resembling adjustments to day by day routines, can have a big impact on the situation,” defined examine creator Eldre Beukes. “Poor therapy of tinnitus within the early levels usually results in a lot worse circumstances, and extreme tinnitus can have a big impact on psychological well being,” added examine co-author David Stockdale, chief govt of the British Tinnitus Affiliation.
Analysis has discovered that COVID-related irritation impacts the urinary tract, and may end up in urine cytokine elevation and trigger COVID-19 related cystitis, leading to bladder dysfunction.
One other dermatological signal of lengthy COVID is petechiae. The Mayo Clinic describes them as “tiny spherical brown-purple spots resulting from bleeding beneath the pores and skin” revealing that they are often in a small space resulting from minor trauma or “widespread resulting from blood-clotting dysfunction.” One examine maintains that this symptom might be the results of thrombocytopenia “not a typical complication in COVID-19” or “resulting from an alternate etiology resembling vasculitis.”
In keeping with case stories in addition to this examine, sudden onset sensorineural listening to loss (SSNHL)—usually irreversible—has been reported by these figuring out as lengthy haulers.
Many lengthy haulers report fatigue, dizziness, and stability points—all of which might improve the chance of fainting.
Per the U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication, a tremor is an involuntary, uncontrollable “rhythmic shaking motion” that happens due to muscle contractions. As COVID can assault the neurological system, this might clarify why some individuals expertise them.
Pores and skin rashes are one other widespread dermatological manifestation of lengthy COVID. “Rash-like morbilliform” lasted a median of seven days and 4 days, respectively, for sufferers with lab-confirmed COVID-19, with a most period of 28 days, in accordance with the authors of the MGH lengthy COVID examine.
Imaginative and prescient signs—together with blurry imaginative and prescient—have been reported by many lengthy COVID victims.
One report on lengthy COVID courtesy of the Atlantic discovered that many lengthy haulers reported tingling or vibrating sensations when touching surfaces, doubtless because of the illness’s impact on the mind and nervous system.
These battling COVID-19 usually report gastrointestinal points. “Heartburn happens when abdomen acid backs up into the tube that carries meals out of your mouth to your abdomen (esophagus),” the Mayo Clinic explains. For some, this symptom continues lengthy after their preliminary an infection.
Many ladies have reported menstrual points—resembling irregular or skipped durations, blood clotting, or extended period-related signs—for months after a COVID-19 an infection.
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Since COVID-19 impacts the neurological system, reminiscence points usually plague lengthy haulers.
Per the U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication, “Neuralgia is a pointy, surprising ache that follows the trail of a nerve and is because of irritation or injury to the nerve.” It may be attributable to quite a lot of elements, together with infections, resembling herpes zoster (shingles), HIV/AIDS, Lyme illness, and syphilis, and, in accordance with many lengthy haulers, COVID-19.
Slurring phrases and speech difficulties are normally a results of neurological injury, generally attributable to a stroke. As COVID-19 wreaks havoc on the neurological system, that is doubtless why some lengthy haulers nonetheless expertise these points months after their an infection.
Probably the most curious signs reported by many lengthy haulers is hallucinations, a few of that are actually horrifying. One lady felt a sponge was speaking to her. One other thought an umbrella was a person. A 3rd had homicidal ideas about her kids.
Probably the most peculiar signs of long run COVID is pernio/chilblains, or redness and swelling of the toes and palms, which has come to be generally generally known as “COVID toes.” In keeping with MGH’s examine, this symptom lasted a median of 15 days in sufferers with suspected COVID-19 and 10 days in lab-confirmed circumstances. “Notably, six sufferers with pernio/chilblains have been lengthy haulers with toe signs lasting at the very least 60 days, with two lab-confirmed sufferers with COVID toes lasting longer than 130 days,” they wrote.
Along with slurring phrases and speech, some lengthy haulers report speech and language points.
Eye signs—together with blurry imaginative and prescient—can happen on account of COVID associated nerve injury or resulting from different signs associated to the virus, together with fever or headache.
In keeping with the Cleveland Clinic, muscle spasms, often known as muscle cramps, occur when a muscle involuntary and forcibly contracts. Dr. Wilson explains that they’re “not terribly widespread” with lengthy haulers “and may actually be triggered by different situations moreover long-covid.”
Fluctuations in temperature aren’t unusual amongst these battling lengthy COVID.
The U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication explains that sensorimotor polyneuropathy is a situation that causes a decreased means to maneuver or really feel (sensation) due to nerve injury. It may be attributable to autoimmune issues or swelling/irritation of the nerves. “Many sufferers with lingering covid signs report some alterations in nerve sensation,” explains Dr. Wilson. “Typically this takes the type of extended adjustments in scent or style, however some have reported numbness or tingling within the palms or toes.”
Per the U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication, a sneeze is a sudden, forceful, uncontrolled burst of air via the nostril and mouth. Usually, it’s attributable to irritation to the mucous membranes of the nostril or throat. This might be why months after an an infection, COVID lengthy haulers are nonetheless experiencing sneezing bouts.
Vomiting is among the many gastrointestinal problems reported by lengthy haulers. It’s doubtless the results of the gastrointestinal injury wreaked by the preliminary COVID-19 an infection.
“It is a sense of feeling not 100% sharp, which will be exhausting for sufferers to explain,” Dr. Wilson specifies. “They only do not feel on high of their psychological sport.”
Coughing up blood will be resulting from quite a lot of well being points, explains Mount Sinai. Lots of them—resembling irritation of the blood vessels within the lung (vasculitis), damage to the arteries of the lungs, pneumonia or different lung infections, and even merely irritation of the throat from violent coughing (small quantities of blood)—are doubtless related to an preliminary COVID an infection. “That is very unusual and will completely be evaluated by a health care provider,” explains Dr. Wilson. “Coughing up blood isn’t a standard symptom and needs to be handled as a possible medical emergency if it develops out of the blue.”
Bone aching or burning is one other uncomfortable sensation tied to lengthy hauler syndrome. “Diffuse aching, both within the muscular tissues or bones has been reported,” confirms Dr. Wilson.
Whereas a dry cough is mostly recognized with COVID-19, some lengthy haulers report extra of a moist one which entails mucus. Edison Chiluisa, a 51-year-old hospital employee, not too long ago revealed to the Washington Submit that amongst his debilitating signs he “coughs up a thick mucus that’s turning into worse regardless of quite a lot of therapies.” Provides Dr. Wilson: “Lingering cough is widespread with all viral infections, and COVID appears to be no exception. Some sufferers are nonetheless coughing after they’ve examined unfavorable.”
Temperature fluctuations—together with low physique temperature—are generally reported by COVID lengthy haulers.
One other neurological symptom, acute or sudden confusion or disorientation is “a regarding symptom and needs to be evaluated by a medical skilled ASAP.”
Feeling unusually exhausted after exerting any power? Perhaps that feeling—fatigue, or perhaps a migraine—kicks in 24 hours after you exert your self? It might be a symptom of lengthy COVID. “This is among the commonest signs described by COVID long-haulers, who report that after train they will really feel actually run-down for some time,” says Dr. Wilson.
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Gastrointestinal issues are a considerably widespread symptom of COVID and sure clarify why many lengthy haulers report stomach ache.
The Mayo Clinic explains that joint ache usually arises on account of irritation. It has been established that irritation is widespread in COVID-19 infections. “Irritation assaults joint tissues, inflicting fluid in your joints, swelling, muscle injury, and extra,” explains Penn Medication orthopedic surgeon, Christopher S. Travers, MD.
Coronary heart palpitations are “emotions of getting a fast-beating, fluttering or pounding coronary heart,” explains the Mayo Clinic. “Stress, train, medicine or, hardly ever, a medical situation can set off them.” Per one examine revealed in JAMA Cardiology, out of 100 recovered COVID-19 sufferers, 78 reported “cardiac involvement” whereas 60% had ongoing myocardial irritation. And, even those that initially suffered from gentle to reasonable infections, reported ongoing coronary heart points, resembling palpitations.
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Feeling uncomfortably ailing isn’t unusual for lengthy haulers. “Some sufferers report gastrointestinal signs after COVID, like nausea and diarrhea,” says Dr. Wilson.
Sleep apnea is a probably critical sleep problem through which respiratory repeatedly stops and begins, in accordance with the Mayo Clinic. “For those who snore loudly and really feel drained even after a full night time’s sleep, you may need sleep apnea,” they clarify. It is only one of some sleep-related signs reported by COVID lengthy haulers.
The Mayo Clinic explains that tachycardia, a type of arrhythmia, happens when your coronary heart beats over 100 beats per minute. It is among the many heart-related signs that lengthy haulers undergo from.
Sleep problems aren’t unusual for lengthy haulers. In keeping with a survey of greater than 1,500 individuals within the Survivor Corp Fb group, half of sufferers recovering from COVID-19 reported problem sleeping as one of many lingering signs. Some specialists consider that post-COVID insomnia might be the results of anxiousness and stress created by the sickness.
Feeling dizzy or unbalanced is one other neurological manifestation of the virus. “This can be because of the weak spot many sufferers have after a tricky bout with COVID, however any stability or persistent dizziness needs to be evaluated by a medical skilled,” Dr. Wilson says.
Dr. Wilson confirms that runny noses and sinus points aren’t unusual with lengthy haulers. “Lingering sinus congestion and runny nostril have been reported weeks to months after a COVID an infection,” he says.
One case report focuses on a lady whose put up COVID headache lasted for months after her preliminary an infection. “New day by day persistent headache (NDPH) is one other persistent headache that may be triggered by viral illnesses,” the researchers clarify.
“Lots of sufferers with lingering signs report constipation or diarrhea that persists for a couple of days, then resolves, then returns once more,” says Dr. Wilson.
It is not unusual for sleeping points to happen on account of well being problems. Since COVID lengthy haulers wrestle with anxiousness and stress in addition to many different uncomfortable signs, it is not shocking that they wrestle with sleep.
COVID-19 impacts the lungs and respiratory system, and in accordance with some lengthy haulers, continues to lengthy after their preliminary an infection. The Mayo Clinic explains that sudden, sharp chest pains—aka pleurisy—could point out that the lung partitions are infected. This sensation can sign pneumonia or different varieties of an infection.
“Chest congestion will be seen even after a affected person is not infectious,” Dr. Wilson explains. The College of Florida Well being stories that there are a number of varieties of irregular breath sounds, every distinctive in sound. These embrace rales, small clicking, effervescent, or rattling sounds within the lungs. “They’re heard when an individual breathes in (inhales). They’re believed to happen when air opens closed air areas. Rales will be additional described as moist, dry, fantastic, or coarse,” they clarify. Others embrace wheezing, high-pitched sounds produced by slender airways, rhonchi, snoring-like sounds that happen when air is blocked, and stridor, wheeze-like sounds that may be heard when an individual breathes.
“Some sufferers nonetheless have not totally recovered their sense of scent months after they misplaced it through the preliminary an infection,” Dr. Wilson explains. “Many individuals won’t acknowledge how critical that is, however with out scent individuals could not eat as effectively, could inadvertently expose themselves to contaminated meals, and, extra broadly, life simply feels much less colourful. Although we do not usually give it some thought, scent is massively necessary for our well-being.”
Achy muscular tissues could be a signal that you’re battling an an infection, and in addition one which your physique already has. “One of many extra widespread long-hauler signs, muscle aches—significantly after train—can restrict exercise,” says Dr. Wilson.
Together with weight reduction, lack of urge for food does happen in long-haulers, explains Dr. Wilson. “Sme of this could be because of the lack of sense of scent that many sufferers report,” he factors out.
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In keeping with the Mayo Clinic, COVID-related pneumonia can completely injury the tiny air sacs (alveoli) within the lungs. “The ensuing scar tissue can result in long-term respiratory issues,” they clarify.
Temperature fluctuations, together with chills, flushing, and sweats, are a typical criticism amongst these affected by lengthy COVID.
In keeping with the CDC, viruses and infections could cause sore throats. Whereas many COVID victims report a sore or scratchy throat as an preliminary symptom of the virus, some declare that it lingers lengthy after their preliminary an infection.
“Chest signs like cough, congestion, rattling, can persist in some sufferers,” Dr. Wilson maintains.
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Whereas a fever over 100.4 is a trademark symptom of COVID-19 in addition to lengthy COVID, a easy spike in temperature (or low grade fever) can be widespread.
Excessive exhaustion or fatigue is among the most debilitating signs of lengthy COVID. “This is among the mostly reported signs and will be fairly extreme,” reveals Dr. Wilson.
“Shortness of breath, significantly with train (even climbing a flight of stairs) will be actually debilitating,” says Dr. Wilson. Per John Hopkins Medication, shortness of breath is whenever you really feel like you may’t get sufficient air or your chest is tight. Whereas this could be regular after a exercise or interval of exertion, put up COVID shortness of breath can happen at any time—even when laying in mattress or sitting on the sofa.
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Dry cough is among the defining signs of an preliminary COVID-19 an infection, with many lengthy haulers reporting that it doesn’t give up. The American Lung Affiliation factors out that this might be a results of everlasting injury to the lungs, which can in flip have an effect on the flexibility of the physique to operate usually. Nevertheless, additionally they level out that some lengthy haulers expertise signs resembling a dry cough, “with out obvious injury to very important organs.”
Whereas a fever is a trademark symptom of an preliminary COVID-19 an infection, many lengthy haulers report a recurrent or persistent temperature spike over 100.4F. For those who’ve skilled that or any of the signs talked about right here, search medical consideration or contact a Submit-COVID care heart. And to guard your life and the lives of others, do not go to any of those 35 Locations You are Most Prone to Catch COVID.